Glasgow and the Clyde Valley is one of Scotland’s Strategic Development Planning Authorities and represents eight local authorities. In 2005 the population of the region was 1.75 million and there were 800 000 households. Glasgow, by population, is the largest city in Scotland and the third largest in the UK. The region’s economic activity is dominated by the city of Glasgow. The city’s economy, once focused on ship building and its port, is now service based. Elsewhere in the region there continues to be some heavy industrial activity as well as coal mining. In 2005 the region accounted for 32% of Scotland’s manufacturing output. The region’s agriculture accounts for approximately 2% of the UK’s farm yard animal population. Glasgow was the European Capital of Culture in 1990 and has over 200 arts organisations, including the Scottish Ballet and Scottish Opera. The region borders the south-west highlands. Tourist features include the New Lanark World Heritage Site, a restored 18th century cotton mill close to the Falls of Clyde. The region has one airport, Glasgow International. Which handled 7 million passengers in 2005. It is the largest and busiest airport in Scotland. Although some diesel trains continue to run, the main railway line connecting the region to the rest of Scotland and the UK is electrified. Glasgow City has an underground system, with 1 circular line and 15 stations. In 2005, approximately 593,500 cars were registered in the region, which is approximately one for every three people. However, according to the 2001 census, 42% of households did not have a car. In August 2009, the Scottish Government passed its Climate Change Act. It has a target of an 80% reduction in Kyoto greenhouse gases by 2050, and an interim target of 42% by 2020 (in the UK Act, this target is 34%). The 2009 Renewables Action Plan commits Scotland to measures to increase the capacity and consumption of electricity from renewable sources, including the headline target In December 2010, Glasgow City Council published its climate change strategy and action plan, which covers the themes education and awareness, energy, resource management, transport, sustainable procurement, cultural and natural heritage, water, planning and the built environment. The strategy builds upon the goals already expressed in the Single Outcome Agreement (SOA). It is intended to more explicitly address climate change adaptation and mitigation in the next SOA. A carbon neutral approach to future services and activi- ties will be encouraged by Glasgow with businesses aiming to reduce CO2 emissions and adapt to climate change. Climate change, locally, has been positioned as an opportunity to reduce health inequalities by mitigat- ing against disproportionate negative health impacts and promoting modes of transport that raise activity levels and improve air quality. The Carbon Management Plan seeks to reduce the energy consumption of council operations by 20% by 2012, against a 2005 baseline and to eliminate fuel poverty, ‘as far as is reasonably practicable’, by 2016.